Periodontal disease affects the tissues that both surround and support the tooth. The disease is characterized by bleeding or swollen gums (gingivitis), pain and sometimes bad breath. In its more severe form, the gum can come away from the tooth and supporting bone, causing teeth to become loose and sometimes fall out. Severe periodontal diseases are estimated to affect around 14% of the global adult population, representing more than one billion cases worldwide. The main causes of periodontal disease are poor oral hygiene and tobacco use.
Oral cancer includes cancers of the lip, other parts of the mouth and the oropharynx. The global incidence of cancers of the lip and oral cavity is estimated at 4 cases per 100 000 people. However, there is wide variation across the globe, from 0 to around 22 cases per 100 000 people. Oral cancer is more common in men and in older people, and it varies strongly by socio-economic condition.
Tobacco, alcohol and areca nut (betel quid) use are among the leading causes of oral cancer. In North America and Europe, human papillomavirus infections are responsible for a growing percentage of oral cancers among young people.
Oro-dental trauma results from injury to the teeth, mouth and oral cavity. Around 20% of people suffer from trauma to teeth at some point in their life. Oro-dental trauma can be caused by oral factors such as lack of alignment of teeth and environmental factors (such as unsafe playgrounds, risk-taking behaviour, road accidents and violence). Treatment is costly and lengthy and sometimes can even lead to tooth loss, resulting in complications for facial and psychological development and quality of life.
Noma is a severe gangrenous disease of the mouth and the face. It mostly affects children aged 2–6 years suffering from malnutrition, affected by infectious disease, living in extreme poverty with poor oral hygiene or with weakened immune systems.
Noma is mostly found in sub-Saharan Africa, although cases have also been reported in Latin America and Asia. Noma starts as a soft tissue lesion (a sore) of the gums, inside the mouth. The initial gum lesion then develops into an acute necrotizing gingivitis that progresses rapidly, destroying the soft tissues and further progressing to involve the hard tissues and skin of the face.
According to latest estimates (from 1998) there are 140 000 new cases of noma annually. Without treatment, noma is fatal in 90% of cases. Survivors suffer from severe facial disfigurement, have difficulty speaking and eating, endure social stigma, and require complex surgery and rehabilitation. Where noma is detected at an early stage, its progression can be rapidly halted through basic hygiene, antibiotics and improved nutrition.
Orofacial clefts, the most common craniofacial birth defects, have a global prevalence of between 1 in 1000-1500 births with wide variation in different studies and populations. Genetic predisposition is a major cause. However, poor maternal nutrition, tobacco consumption, alcohol and obesity during pregnancy also play a role. In low-income settings, there is a high mortality rate in the neonatal period. If lip and palate clefts are properly treated by surgery, complete rehabilitation is possible.
Renew dental support, Renew dental support review, Renew dental support reviews, Renew dental support supplement, Renew dental support supplements, Renew dental support supplement review, Renew dental support supplement review, Ocutamin, Ocutamin review, Ocutamin review, Ocutamin supplement, Ocutamin supplement review, Ocutamin supplement reviews, Shrink x gummies, Shrink x gummies review, Shrink x gummies review, Shrink x gummies supplement, Shrink x gummies supplements Shrink x gummies supplement review, Shrink x gummies supplement reviews, Cardiodefend, Cardiodefend review, Cardiodefend reviews, Cardiodefend supplement, Cardiodefend supplement review, Cardiodefend supplements, Cardiodefend supplement reviews